Lithium Titanate Battery Technology
In order to understand how Li-Titanate technology benefits the consumers and the planet at large, it helps to view it simply as a more efficient advancement form Lithium-Ion batteries, commonly referred to as Li-Ion.
In essence, it is a rechargeable battery based on the, or modified from, the Li-Ion battery technology. Li-titanate replaces graphite in the anode of the typical Li-Ion battery and forms the materials into a spinel structure. Having a nominal a cell voltage of 2.40V, it releases a high current discharge current that is 10 times the capacity of Li-Ion batteries. Instead of using carbon particles on its surface as Li-ion batteries do, Lithium Titanate utilizes lithium-titanate nanocrystals.
The effect and benefit of this alteration and inclusion of lithium-titanate nanocrystals is that the surface area of the anode of the Lithium-Titanate battery is about 100 square meters per gram in contrast to the only 3 square meters per gram that Li-Ion batteries hold. The result of the lithium-titanate nanocrystals with their enlarged surface area is that electrons are able to enter and leave the anode much more rapidly, leading to fast recharging and enhanced lifetimes of the battery.
Advantages of Lithium Titanate Battery Technology
Given the basic scientific advantages of the high-tech nanotechnology involved in producing Lithium Titanate batteries, it is of special interest to see just how this influences the product positively for the consumer and for sustainability. Lithium Titanate batteries' benefits range from long lifetime to enhanced safety, low-temperature performance and large potential for integration with wind power.
Let's take a closer look:
1. Long Lifetime
As discussed above, the advanced nanotechnology consisting of lithium-titanate nanocrystals and their increased surface area are especially designed to enhance the lifetime of these batteries. With an over 30 times larger surface area, this technology is able to recharge substantially faster than its more traditional alternative, the Li-Ion battery. The cycle count of a Lithium Titanate battery is 20,000 in comparison of only 400 in a regular Li-ion battery, marking a revolutionary approach to energy storage.
For the consumer, this means that less electricity and power is needed in order to sustain the battery power. These batteries can be safely charged between six and ten minutes in contrast to the 8 hours required for other rechargeable batteries.
On top of that, the recharge efficiency exceeds an entire 98%, a record-breaking advancement in the field of renewable energy. Furthermore, the charging cycles are much shorter in comparison with other energy sources.
Therefore, vehicles powered by Lithium Titanate batteries require much less energy than other models and have a much higher lifetime potential. This is not only much better for the environment and reduces the concerns about environmental harm caused by vehicles on a large-scale but also allows for a higher level of efficiency for the vehicles themselves.
2. Rapid Battery Charging
Lithium titanate batteries (LTO) are advanced modified lithium-ion battery that employ nano-technology in the form of lithium titanate nanocrystals instead of normal carbon material on its surface. The advantage of this is that the anode has a surface area of about 100 square meters per gram of material - which certainly stands out as a lot more when compared with the 3 square meters per gram for normal carbon material.
This allows the electrons to enter and exit the anode faster, thus making it possible to charge the battery very rapidly.
3. Enhanced Safety
In addition to the enhanced efficiency and energy-conserving qualities of Lithium Titanate batteries, this technology is known for its high level of safety when used in comparison to alternative options. Due to the lower operating voltage of this technology, there are significant safety advantages for the consumer and the environment. As Lithium Titanate batteries are entirely free of carbon, they avoid thermal runaway or overheating which is a main cause of fires in traditional energy storage systems.
Without the risk of fires or explosions, Lithium Titanate technology allows for safe, user-friendly and low-risk energy storage in any application.
4. Low-Temperature Performance
Another advantage of using Lithium Titanate batteries is that due to the nanotechnology employed, these batteries have a much better low-temperature performance in comparison to other battery technologies.
Due to these low-temperature discharge characteristics, it is able to obtain up to 80% of its full capacity at a mere -30°C.
This is of particular benefit to those companies employing Lithium Titanate technologies at lower temperatures or in colder winters.
5. Integration with Wind Power
Last but most certainly not least, Lithium Titanate is bridging the gap between battery energy storage and wind power.
With an increasing importance of renewable energy options, the possibilities of Lithium Titanate batteries allow for a synergy between wind power and battery storage. Energy storage based on Lithium titanate has the potential to contribute greatly to power system stabilization, with vast potential in creating a renewable energy source that is more sustainable than any other previous alternatives.
The future of sustainable and renewable energy sources depends on technologies like the Lithium Titanate battery that through long lifetime and high efficiency, enhanced safety, low-temperature performance capability, and vast potential of integration with wind power are opening up a world of opportunities with particular focus on vehicles and mobile energy usage.
For further information regarding Tiankang Lithium Titanate batteries, please contact our friendly sales team.